How to Identify Autoimmune Skin Disorders
Autoimmune skin diseases are often the most difficult to identify and treat, as they are similar in nature and may have confused symptoms. With an autoimmune disease, the immune system attacks the body’s own cells, rather than working to defend the body against malignant cells, causing degeneration of organs and an inability to fight infection. Autoimmune diseases, skin diseases are primarily related to the skin, but they may involve symptoms that are not external.
Examine the patient for blisters or pustules. In many autoimmune skin diseases, such as pemphigus, bubbles will form on all surfaces of the skin including mucous membranes. These bubbles can be filled with color of pus or red and will not respond to creams or topical lotions.
Search for reddish bumps that resemble hives, but not disappear even after the patient is removed from all possible allergens. Autoimmune skin diseases often have the same symptoms as allergies, but they are not treated equally. These skin disorders tend to spread quickly. Urticaria is common in diseases such as dermatitis herpetiformis.
See the skin during an eruption of purple or violet injuries that are covered with a distinctive white pattern tie at the top. These are common in a disease called autoimmune disease, lichen planus and are usually very hot and can swell over time. These can be found in the stomach and back and other parts of the body, but which are also commonly found in the mouth.
Ask the patient if she walks with a combination of fatigue, dizziness, nausea and disorientation, especially if accompanied by skin abnormalities. These are not dermatological symptoms of autoimmune diseases of the skin and are often overlooked as symptoms of something else, such as influenza.
Examine any abnormality of the skin that lasts more than 7 days. Allergies and other irritants disappear normally within this period, but autoimmune skin diseases will not disappear on their own. Furthermore, skin abnormalities that do not disappear when the patients take medicines steroids indicate autoimmune diseases.